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Boiler Blowdown Tanks - Madden Manufacturing

Boiler Blowdown Tank
Boiler Blowdown Tank
Blowdown tanks for boilers are used as an alternative system for cooling the bottom boiler blowdown. These large tanks retain the blowdown water volume from one blow after the flash steam has been vented to the atmosphere and allow the water to cool down by natural convection over 6-12 hour period. The cooled water will be below 140° Fahrenheit when it is displaced by the next blowdown and forced out of the overflow drainpipe.

Shell length and connections size dimensions can be changed to meet the application requirements for the specific boiler as determined by design rule calculations.

Sizing of tank and connections should be determined using National Board design rules for blowoff tanks.
Contact the factory for assistance.
  • Data required for sizing calculations:
    • Blowdown pipe size, type and equivalent length to tank.
    • Boiler steam drum diameter & length.
    • Boiler operating pressure
Construction: ASME Section VIII, Div. 1, 50 psi DWP, with National Board serial number 

Custom Blowoff Tanks

BD9600 custom Madden blowoff tank
Custom BD9600 blowoff tank
Madden can also design blowoff tanks to meet your specifications. If you have requirements that go outside of our standard product line, let us know your requirements and we'll design a unit for your consideration. Check out the picture of what we called a BD9600, this unit was over 8 feet tall.

Why a Blowoff Tank is Needed

In summary, by Madden: boiling water causes scaling and deposits to form resulting in a less efficient boiler and a less efficient boiler means increased costs. Because of this, boilers need to be intermittently, and sometimes continuously, flushed of a certain percentage of their water. Therefore, boiler rooms need blowoff tanks to meet legal regulations and to safely dispose of hot, dirty boiler blowdown. 

In more detail, information from The National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors: The treatment of boiler water is an integral part of boiler operation, used to control scaling, corrosion, and deposits. Boiler water treatment often leads to the formation of solid particles that are initially suspended in the boiler water. Solids concentrated in boiler water tend to promote foaming and scaling with a resultant loss of heat transfer which may result in overheating of the boiler tubes. Solids also may settle to the bottom of the boiler to form sludge. “Blowing off” part of the boiler water is a means of removing solids from the water while controlling boiler water levels. 

The primary function of the blowoff system is to provide a safe means of controlling boiler blowoff water. This includes reduction in both pressure and temperature to limits acceptable for safe discharge into a sewer, drain system, or other area. The usual practice, therefore, is to discharge the water into a vented vessel where it may be allowed to cool, or mixed with cold water to reduce the temperature and pressure to acceptable discharge levels. 

Discharge of high temperature water from a boiler blowoff system can present a hazard to personnel and may also damage sewers or drains. Blowoff pressure should not exceed 5 psig. Typically, the maximum acceptable water temperature for discharge into a sewer system is 140°F. Requirements of the Environmental Protection Agency, or local ordinances, may require lower temperatures.
- The full article can be read here.   Citation: The National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors (n.d.). Retrieved June 24, 2016, from

Boiler Blowdown Product Line

The following chart and drawing include Madden Manufacturing's 10 standard blowdown tank designs. If one of these models fits your application, you can send an inquiry to a local sales rep or to the factory directly. We'll get started right away.
Model Number Diameter Shell
150# RF
BD1600 16" 35.5" Up to 2" *2-1/2" *2" 2" 66"
BD2400 24" 32" Up to 2" *3" *2" 2" 66"
BD3000 30" 29" Up to 2" 4" *2" 2" 66"
BD3600 36" 30" Up to 2" 4" 3" 2" 70"
BD4200 42" 42" Up to 2" 5" 3" 2" 85"
BD4800 48" 48" Up to 2" 6" 4" 2" 94"
BD5400 54" 66" Up to 2" 6" 4" 2" 116"
BD6000 60" 72" Up to 2" 6" 4" 2" 125"
BD7200 72" 96" Up to 2" 10" 4" 2" 155"
Note: see associated blowdown tank drawing below.
*These measurements are NPT connections, not Flanged.


Want to learn more?

Click the link below to read through our Blowdown tank and separator brochure.
blowdown tank brochure
Blowdown Tank Brochure

And you can always, click here to contact us and ask questions directly. We're here to help!

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